Penn State - Research Administration
The University values the contributions made by retired/emeritus faculty to the University's research, teaching, and service missions. This includes contributions by those serving as investigators on sponsored projects. These guidelines clarify certain policy and procedural issues in order to protect the retired faculty member, employees and students working with the retired faculty member, and the University.
One such issue is that an appropriate agreement must exist between the retired faculty member and the University prior to the faculty member serving as an investigator on a sponsored project. Such an agreement should address the faculty member's scope of responsibilities, the use of University facilities, intellectual property ownership, and legal acceptance of administrative/contractual responsibilities that are attendant to being an investigator on a sponsored project.
Another issue is the question of compensation for work performed by a retired faculty member under a sponsored project. The University is required by law to place certain restrictions on retired faculty receiving compensation. It is important that faculty be aware of these restrictions and follow the applicable policies.
A final general issue is that retired faculty when serving in a non-compensated mode, assume certain legal responsibilities. Under certain circumstances, they may act as an "agent" of the University. This is a serious role, and thus they must conduct themselves in accordance with the ethical and legal responsibilities identified in Penn State's policies and assumed by those who are employees, even though they themselves are not employees.
Retired faculty who serve as University investigators on a project on a non-compensated basis must sign appropriate agreements and certifications to ensure compliance with federal regulations (e.g., an intellectual property agreement) and University policy, including a written agreement between the cognizant University official (Dean, Director, etc.) and the retired faculty member governing liability, use of University facilities, intellectual property ownership, and legal acceptance of administrative/contractual responsibilities. These agreements and certifications must be submitted to OSP prior to the submission of proposals or acceptance of awards involving the participation of retired faculty.
Policy HR45, Post-Retirement Appointments, states the conditions under which a retired faculty who is a PI on an active grant or contract at the time of retirement can continue working as a rehire. These policies apply to faculty wishing to continue on sponsored projects as University employees.
Prior to the submission of any proposal or acceptance of any award involving payment to a University retiree on a reemployment basis on a grant or contract, the unit must submit, via its Human Resources Representative, a request to the Vice President for Human Resources. Upon receipt of approval from the Vice President for Human Resources, the unit will forward a completed Memorandum of Understanding and Intellectual Property Agreement to the Office of Sponsored Programs. This approval is required for each proposal or award.
Retired faculty who desire to provide services to the University as an independent contractor must be aware that the law narrowly proscribes the circumstances under which an individual providing services to another may be considered an independent contractor. This essentially means that a University investigator (i.e., someone who is representing the University on a grant or contract as an investigator, whether that individual is called principal investigator, co-principal investigator, co-investigator, research scientist, or other such term) cannot legally be considered an independent contractor. A retiree who has affiliated with a separate company or business entity may participate in University research through a subcontract. In these instances, the company or entity serves as an independent contractor, and the retiree would have no direct relationship with the University, nor any supervision or control over the University's performance of research under the sponsored project. The retiree would have to provide documentation to OSP (which may then be forwarded for legal review when necessary) that addresses the following points:
Prior to the submission of any proposal or acceptance of any award involving payment to a University retiree to be engaged as an independent contractor on a grant or contract, the unit must submit appropriate documentation to the Office of Sponsored Programs. As part of its review, OSP will forward the request packet to the University's Tax Manager. If the Tax Manager's analysis of the documentation demonstrates that an independent contractor status exists, OSP will forward the request packet to the Vice President for Human Resources for approval. Review and approval are required for each proposal or award.
For questions, additional detail, or to request changes to this policy, please contact the Office of the Vice President for Research, or the Office of the Corporate Controller.
HR25 – Emeritus Status
HR45 - Post-Retirement Appointments
RA64 – Personnel Costs
RA03 - Eligibility to Serve as a Principal Investigator (PI)
Most recent changes:
Revision History (and effective dates):